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FLINTS FOSSILS & MINERALS  Our geological staircase contains three wall frames presenting the history of fossils from 550 million years ago up through to Stone Age Man in 3 steps – early life – middle life – and recent life. These frames have been described as masterpieces of miniaturisation which are unique to the Bacup Natural History Society. At the top of the stairs is a geological cross section of the layers in Greens Clough, north of Bacup a happy hunting ground for the Nat geologist. The cloughs north and east of Bacup have simple structure and horizontal layers and are completely ‘open book‘of the rock layers and coal seams,  so important to Bacup’s development. Sunday afternoon rambles were a popular Victorian pastime. Members of the early ‘NAT’ were encouraged to bring in natural history, fossil and flint specimens collected during their rambles. Many of the fossils and flints  they collected are still available to view today. DOMESTIC AND MILITARY COLLECTIONS Over the years the focus of the museum has switched  to local history. Like elsewhere Bacup has a rich  social and military history all of which are reflected in tour collections. Weapons, tools and flints from, the stone age, bronze age and iron age all feature in our permenant displays. Entomology, botany and some of our oldest natural history specimens sit alongside what is known as Dr Worralls cabinet a Victorian collectors cabinet of curiosities. Whilst our mining and industrial collections provide a glimpse of a working way of life in Bacup now long gone. A lamp carried on the last passenger train out of Bacup to Rochdale on the 16th June 1947, features in our transport displays. Our military collections include over 50 medals awarded to men from Bacup & Stacksteads who took part in WW1 and WW2, including those awarded to A.B Norman Clegg who in 1943  continued to lift 50lb pans of ammunition to the gun despite having had his arm fractured in two places by shell splinters. Other artefacts in the collections include an American Civil War cap worn by Bacup man Henry Redmond, sand and shrapnel  from the beaches of Normandy and  from closer to home a piece of bomb shrapnel from a bomb that landed on the Thorn Estate during the early hours of Monday the 21st October 1940. A beautiful christening gown, forms a backdrop to our Victorian school, police and fire displays whilst opposite these displays we hark back to 1920 when Nat member John Cook started the very first Bacup Camera Club. A world of science, fun and laughter  childhood and music and dance comes next before  our numismatics collections which includes money and tokens once used in the shops and on transport in and around Bacup.
UNDER THE SPOTLIGHT Is our brand new exhibition in which we will feature the stories / artefacts and collections  of some remarkable Bacupians and their associations  of the past. Dr Herbert Bolton FRSE FGS Herbert the second son of James a cotton warper and Hannah Bolton was born in Bacup in 1863. Working as a doffer and then a weaver Herbert along with his older brother Levi was one of the early members of the Bacup Natural History Society. A former student in the science classes of the Bacup Mechanics Institute night school he won a scholarship to the Royal College of Science, South Kensington, where he was a fellow student with H. G. Wells and Arthur Morley Davies. He afterwards went to Owen’s College, Manchester where he studied under Professor William Boyd Dawkins and was awarded an M.Sc. The same Professor who on the 5th October 1889, formally declared the new premises of the Bacup Natural History Society at 6 St James Street open. A year after publishing his first book in December 1889 “The Geology of Rossendale” Herbert was appointed as assistant keeper in the Manchester Museum. In 1898 Herbert was appointed as the Director of the Bristol Museum and Art Gallery a role he carried out until his retirement in 1930. Known as an authority on fossil insects he published several books, including the two volumes Monograph of the Fossil insects of the British Coal Measures (1922). He was awarded the Murchison Fund for 1922 by the Geological Society and was president of the Museum Association in 1924. Herbert died aged 72 on 18th January 1931 at his home in Reading. The NAT has a collection of fossils that Herbert donated whilst he was the Director of the Bristol Museum and Art Gallery and a collection of his written works signed by Herbert and in which he writes” To the Bacup Natural History Society, from an old member Herbert Bolton”. A selection of the fossils found in Bacup coal mines and his pamphlets are on display along with his diploma.
Victorian Glass Cased Birds Knife Sharpner & Polisher Wash Day Blues Dinky & Corgi Toy Collection Ensign Optiscope Magic Lantern Torpedo Washer Music & Dance Displays
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